Southern Africa exceeds energy generation target
JOHANNESBURG, 03 AUG (NAMPA) - Southern African countries have exceeded their 2004 target of generating 3 757 megawatts (MW) of energy by 2016, Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretariat representative, Mapolao Rosemary Mokoena said on Tuesday.
She availed the information to the media at the second SADC Industrialisation Week underway in Johannesburg, during a presentation on the status of implementation of projects in the energy sector.
“The region exceeded the target and commissioned the highest capacity of 4 180 MW,” she said.
Of this total, Angola contributed 780 MW; Malawi 10 MW; Mozambique 175 MW; Namibia 15 MW; South Africa 2 550 MW; Tanzania 150 MW; Zambia 300 MW and Zimbabwe 200 MW from rehabilitation and new projects.
The projects were commissioned by both public utilities and Independent Power Producers.
The power generation mix was made up of 43 per cent hydropower; 24 per cent gas; 11 per cent solar; 10 per cent wind; 7 per cent coal and 5 per cent diesel.
Namibia’s contribution included 5.28 MW generated by the Karibib solar power plant and 4.5 MW generated by the Omburu solar power plant at Omaruru, which feeds the national grid.
Mokoena noted that in 2017, the mainland SADC member states are planning to commission 3 516 MW - 1 727 MW from Angola; 120 MW from Botswana; 150 MW from the Democratic Republic of Congo; 36 MW from Malawi; 40 MW from Mozambique; 60 MW from Namibia; 1 128 MW from South Africa; 120 MW from Tanzania; 15 MW from Zambia and 120 MW from Zimbabwe.
She said short-term measures including rehabilitation of old plants and building of new power generation projects are ongoing to address the overall generation deficit in order to achieve optimal power supply in the region.
Mokoena said the electricity demand in the region increased by a weighted average of 2.6 per cent in 2016.
She however said by April 2017, the mainland member states had an installed generation capacity of 59 539 MW and operating capacity of 54 397 MW against a demand and reserve of 53 478 MW.
“The economic downturn and the stable operations led to low peak demand compared to 2015/16. Therefore, when taking into account the current peak demand and generation capacity reserve margins, the mainland member states have an excess capacity of 919 MW.”
The presentation further indicated that the installed capacity in Oceanic member states is 782 MW, 246 MW, and 106 MW from Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles respectively. These result in total installed capacity of 60,673 MW for all SADC member states.
Mokoena noted that although there is still a need to generate more power, SADC made good progress on its energy generation projects.
The SADC Industrialisation Week runs from Monday to Friday and has brought together the private sector, government representatives from the 15 SADC member states and other key stakeholders to discuss ways to achieve industrialisation in SADC by 2063.